Les abréviations médiévales sont des abréviations utilisées par les scribes dans les manuscrits au cours du Moyen Âge ou par certains imprimeurs dans quelques premiers livres imprimés au début de la Renaissance. Besoin. Contrairement à une idée reçue, ce n'est pas parce que le parchemin coûtait cher au Moyen Âge que les abréviations abondent dans les manuscrits occidentaux. Latin abbreviations Abbreviation Latin Translation Usage and notes AD: anno Domini in the year of the Lord Used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.The AD or the Christian calendar era is based on the traditionally reckoned year of the conception or birth of Jesus of Nazareth, with AD counting years after the start of this epoch, and BC denoting years before the. medieval abbreviation system that flourished, especially in Italy, from the 10th through the 15th centuries.1 This is the system of medieval Latin abbreviation whose general rules and principles we shall now examine. 0.2 All medieval abbreviations, for both Latin and Italian words, can be divided into six categories, each of whic Enigma helps scholars to decipher Latin words which are difficult to read in medieval manuscripts. It is sometimes impossible to decipher all the letters in a word, for various reasons (difficult palaeography, unclear writing, damage to the document, etc.) If you type the letters you can read and add wildcards, Enigma will list the possible Latin forms, drawing from its database of more than. Letter forms and abbreviations. Reading old handwriting is a challenge for most people. However, as we have seen, medieval scripts are usually written in a careful, regular hand. This means they can actually be easier to tackle than a personal scrawl of the nineteenth or twentieth century, if you have learnt a few basic hints and tips. On this page you will find lots of advice about unfamiliar.
Dictionnaire des abréviations latines et francaises usitées dans les inscriptions lapidaires et métalliques, les manuscrits et les chartes du moyen âge by Chassant, Alphonse, 1808-190 Abbreviationes™ Online - Medieval Abbreviations on the Web: Home | Solutions | Contents | Features | Web Browsers | Web Servers | Users | Editions | Order Now Take a foreign language, write it in an unfamiliar script, abbreviating every third word, and you have the compound puzzle that is the medieval Latin manuscript.¹ Solving this puzzle is both an art and a science. We can.
These abbreviations were such an established part of transcribing and reading Latin for so long that the system was carried over wholesale into early printed books, and fifteenth- and sixteenth-century printed Latin texts present the same challenges as medieval Latin manuscripts. Abbreviations are also used in copying vernacular texts, but to nowhere near the same elaborate complexity as the. Abbreviations In order to write more quickly, medieval scribes used a number of abbreviations. This section introduces you to some of the most common abbreviations you will find in Middle English texts. A macron (¯) over a letter indicates a missing m or n. Ex: the word hym. This symbol is frequently used to abbreviate the word and
The tutorial is for people who already know medieval Latin. If you need to learn, Match abbreviations | Explore letters. King William, perceiving a threat from Denmark, sent men all over England to find out what each landowner held and how much it was worth to assess the financial and military resources available to him. This document, which relates to Dunwich in Suffolk, features a. Le « s » médiéval, ressemble tantôt au nôtre, tantôt à un « f », sans la barre du milieu : « ſ » ; ou, s'il a un petit trait, il dépasse à gauche seulement, non à droite. On l'appelle « s long ». se lit « quibusdam ». se lit « ferram(en)tis » (les lettres« -en- » sont abrégées, ce qu'indique le tilde ou trait horizontal au-dessus du « m ». Le « d » peut. The Latin abbreviations i.e. and e.g. are often confused. When used incorrectly, they achieve the exact opposite of the writer's intention, which is to appear learned by using a Latin phrase in place of an English one that means more or less the same thing. Knowing the meanings of e.g. and i.e.—and how to use them correctly—will save you from making foolish errors and make your writing. Looking for the abbreviation of Medieval Latin? Find out what is the most common shorthand of Medieval Latin on Abbreviations.com! The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource
Abbreviations. The second hurdle researchers face when consulting old documents in Latin is the large number of abbreviations. To save the time of the scribe and the space available on a manuscript, a system of shortening words was employed. Two main kinds of abbreviation were used: suspension and contraction. Suspension. A word which has its ending missed off is called a suspension. edric[us. Oxford Classical Dictionary, 4 th Edition. Abbreviations List: Downloadable abbreviations PDF. General Abbreviations can be found here. Authors and Books Note: [- -] names of authors or works in square brackets indicate false or doubtful attributions. A small number above the line indicates the number of an editio Abbreviations, ECCLESIASTICAL.—The words most commonly abbreviated at all times are proper names, titles (official or customary), of persons or corporations, and words of frequent occurrence.A good list of those used in Roman Republican and early Imperial times may be seen in Egbert's Latin Inscriptions (New York, 1896), 417-459
Processing Medieval French abbreviations. Theory of writing systems and encoding practices Abbreviations encountered in Medieval French texts have already been described from both a paleographical and a philological point of view, that focus on the way they are expanded. On the other hand, they can be described from within the whole writing system. Such a description provides a model that can. Abbreviations, Latin, Abbreviations, French, Names, Geographical, Latin language, Medieval and modern, English language, Names, Geographical Publisher London, Stevens and sons, limited Collection pimslibrary; universityofottawa; toronto Digitizing sponsor University of Ottawa Contributor PIMS - University of Toronto Language Englis Introduction. This page connects users with a selection of dictionaries specific to working with medieval sources. Print Dictionaries are listed in the center column, and when possible, followed by abbreviation guides. Digital Dictionaries are listed in the left column. All sources on this page are grouped by language beginning with Latin, and followed by English, French, Italian, Spanish. What is the abbreviation for Medieval Latin? What does M.L. stand for? M.L. abbreviation stands for Medieval Latin A&A Antike und Abendland : Beiträge zum Verständnis der Griechen und Römer und Ihres Nachlebens. Berlin : De Gruyter. AA Archäologischer Anzeiger / Deutsches Archäologisches Institut. Berlin : De Gruyter. AABS Annuaire / Amis de la Bibliothèque Humaniste de Sélestat. Sélestat : Société d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Sélestat et Environs
Interpreting the Symbols and Abbreviations in Seventeenth Century English and American Documents A BOARD FOR CERTIFICATION OF GENEALOGISTS SKILLBUILDING-TRACK LECTURE Ronald A. Hill, Ph.D., CG, FASG 5618 N. Star Ridge Way Star, Idaho 83669 The genealogist's first encounter with documents written in the secretary hand, also known as Elizabethan Script, is often one of frustration. Medieval. Even though the documents and manuscripts provided for transcription in this module are in Latin and English (Old or Middle English, depending on their date), the system of abbreviations that scribes used is remarkably stable across both languages and throughout the medieval period (although variation did, of course, exist). The frequency and number of abbreviations found is often inversely. Scribal abbreviations or sigla are the abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in various languages, including Latin, Greek, Old English and Old Norse. In modern manuscript editing sigla are the symbols used to indicate the source manuscript and to identify the copyists of a work. See Critical apparatus Introduction The Database of Latin Dictionaries (DLD) is an unparalleled resource for research on the Latin language throughout the ages. Because of its broad spectrum of dictionaries, the DLD offers an immediate overview of Latin vocabulary that no isolated dictionary can give. In order to cover all possible perspectives on Latin vocabulary, the DLD include
This handout will explain Latin terms and abbreviations you may see in academic writing, will demonstrate how to use the most common ones correctly in your own writing, and will present Latin abbreviations used as shortcuts in citations. About Latin terms and abbreviations. Despite the fact that Latin is no longer the international language of scholars, bits and pieces of it can still be found. .Modern manuscript editing (substantive and mechanical) employs sigla as symbols indicating the location of a source manuscript and to identify the copyist(s) of a work 3.5 Medieval Latin abbreviations The main motivation for using manuscript abbreviations in the early Middle Ages differed from antiquity. In Ancient Rome, there was a great need for shorthand, whereas in the Middle Ages, the main concern was to save expensive writing materials, and thus the economy of space became the prime objective (cf. Petti 1977: 22) Noté /5. Retrouvez Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus: Lexique Latin Medieval - Francais/Anglais/a Medieval Latin-French/English Dictionary : Abbreviationes Et Index Fon et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Achetez neuf ou d'occasio
A Genealogist's Guide to Old Latin Terms & Abbreviations All. By Mary Harrell-Sesniak April 23, 2014 Share. Introduction: In this article, Mary Harrell-Sesniak explains some of the old terms—many of them derived from Latin—that genealogists encounter during their family history research. Mary is a genealogist, author and editor with a strong technology background. Throughout history. Many of these abbreviations and contractions were devised for medieval Latin words but continued in use in English documents during the early modern period. The common bar mark - a straight line inserted above a word to indicate a missing letter. In this example, the use of the common bar indicates the absence of the letter 'i' in 'occupac ions'. It is sometimes formed by extending. The system of abbreviations in the insular scripts is particular and unique. It owes its existence in part by the adoption of very common abbreviations in previous Latin scripts (such as the use of the hyphen above a letter to indicate a m or an n; or b at the end of word, to indicate -bus, or a q for the enclitic -que); these are partly inherited from Tironian notes, since they mirror the. re: medieval Latin and Italian manuscript abbreviations (which carry over into early printed books) Your link, Medieval Abbreviations for deciphering Latin texts, Abbreviationes (TM) , leads to a web resource that requires payment. It cites and is presumably based on the classic paleography guide by Cappell: — A. CAPPELLI. DIZIONARIO DI.
Take a foreign language, write it in an unfamiliar script, abbreviating every third word, and you have the compound puzzle that is the medieval Latin manuscript. I would assume that this is just a joke, but after some reading of the wide use of scribal abbreviations ( sigla , including truncations and contractions) elsewhere, I've had second thoughts The abbreviation eccƚie is common in medieval latin texts, like this: which is from page 78 of Placita de quo Warranto.It can also be seen in this text and this text.There is a horizontal bar through the vertical of the l indicating abbreviation.. Presumably, it stands for one of the eccles words in some form or another, something to do with the church The name of a famous 13th-century Medieval Latin hymn by Tommaso da Celano, used in the Mass for the dead. differentia specifica specific differences dis aliter visum it seemed otherwise to the gods In other words, the gods have different plans than mortals, and so events do not always play out as people wish them to. dis manibus sacrum (D. →Latin keyboard to type the diacritic signs (long & short vowels) • Dizionario-latino: noun declension & verb conjugation • Verbix: conjugation of the Latin verbs • Roman numbers: conversion & calculator • University of Texas: Latin grammar • Latin for beginners (with illustrations) (2001) • Latin grammar by Charles Bennett (1918) • Essentials of Latin for beginners by Henry. Abbreviations are very common in medieval and early modern handwriting. Abbreviations can be suspensions (e.g. quid[em]), contractions (e.g. m[ih]i), Tironian Notae (e.g. ÷ for est) and Nomina Sacra (e.g. d[omi]n[u]s). In a semi-diplomatic transcription, the researcher would normally expand the abbreviated text. This in contrast to a diplomatic transcription, which would transcribe the text.
HASENOHR (Geneviève), « Écrire en latin, écrire en roman : réflexions sur la pratique des abréviations dans les manuscrits français des XIIe et XIIIe siècles », dans Langages et peuples d'Europe : cristallisation des identités romanes et germaniques (VIIe-XIe siècle), colloque international organisé par le Centre européen d'art et civilisation médiévale de Conques et l. Définitions de List_of_medieval_abbreviations, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de List_of_medieval_abbreviations, dictionnaire analogique de List_of_medieval_abbreviations (anglais Scribal abbreviations or sigla (singular: siglum or sigil) are the abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in Latin, and later in Greek and Old Norse.Modern manuscript editing (substantive and mechanical) employs sigla as symbols indicating the location of a source manuscript and to identify the copyist(s) of a work
Dictionary of Norwegian Medieval Latin: abbreviations The following list of texts is arranged in alphabetical order according to the abbreviations. The author is indicated when known. Under 'Work', titles in Latin or vernacular languages correspond to those used in their respective editions. In cases where a title is lacking or only a minor selection of the documents included in the. There was less medieval abbreviation in the text of books much used on public occasions, e.g. missals, antiphonaries, bibles; in one way or another the needs of students seem to have been the chief cause of the majority of medieval Abbreviations. The means of abbreviation were usually full points or dots (mostly in Roman antiquity), the semicolon (eventually conventionalized), lines. Non-Latin medieval scripts Importing transcriptions and edited material onto the NTE Editing medieval manuscripts Abbreviations TABLE OF CONTENTS. 6 7 Transcribing Medieval Manuscripts and Archival Material CENDARI Archival Research Guide TRANSCRIBING MEDIEVAL MANUSCRIPTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIAL ABSTRACT The aim of this Archival Research Guide is assist the user when reading primary sources and. I've recently been reading some parish records written in Latin. My own knowledge of the language is slight and I've received much help after putting out a plea for aid to the list. My thanks are due to everyone who has assisted me, including an ex-Latin teacher and a Roman Catholic priest to name but two, and there were others. It was suggested that I shared my 'findings' with the list, and.
Abbreviations in Medieval Latin Handwriting Björn Gottfried, Marius Wegner, Marianna Spano, and Mathias Lawo | Bremen - Berlin Abstract Abbreviations were used extensively in medieval Latin manuscripts. One reason for this was to allow economical use of parchment or other kinds of writing materials, which were relatively expensive during the Middle Ages. This article elaborates on the. AIEGL Association internationale d'épigraphie grecque et latine. 36 AIJ HOFFILLER (V.), SARIA (B.). Antike Inschriften aus Jugoslawien. 1. Noricum und Pannonia Superior. 1938. 585 AION ArchStAnt Annali del Seminario di studi del mondo classico, sezione di archeologia e storia antica. 1 (1979) - 15 (1993), puis Annali di archeologia e storia antica, dipartimento di studi del mondo classico. Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction - Risultati da Google Libri. Abbreviationes™: The first database of medieval Latin abbreviations. Publication Cappelli. s Dictionary of Latin Abbreviations Dizionario di carte e codici specialmente nel Medio Evo, per cura di Adriano Cappelli (Hoepli, Milan) (abbreviations) Ed. (titular abbreviation) editour (obsolete, rare) Etymology . From Medieval Latin ēditor, from Late Latin ēditor, from ēditus, perfect passive participle of ēdō ( give out, put forth, publish ). Pronunciation (Received Pronunciation) IPA : /ˈɛdɪtə The list of common abbreviations as well as the bibliographical information have been included in the Online version . Latin in Britain Although in itself a foreign language in Britain, Latin has known in this country, mainly as a written language, a remarkable vitality in the Middle Ages. So we know the names of more than 2,000 authors writing in British medieval Latin, more than 500 of whom.
Abbreviationes, the first electronic dictionary of medieval Latin abbreviations. by Olaf Pluta (University of Bochum, Germany) Take a foreign language, write it in an unfamiliar script, abbreviating every third word, and you have the compound puzzle that is the medieval Latin manuscript. For over two generations, paleographers have taken as their vade-mecum in the decipherment of this. . L A T I N P A L A E O G R A P H Y. for Medieval and Early Modern European History. The purpose of this course is to introduce the basic elements of medieval Latin (and also vernacular) palaeography and manuscripts to enable a research student to work with primary sources in their 'original' form.. The course will comprise two elements
But Latin abbreviations can be troublesome. So here's a quick recap to make sure you're using them properly. Not just in the right context, but also with the correct spelling and punctuation. The three most common Latin abbreviations. e.g. This is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase exempli gratia, meanin For those who might need a little extra help in deciphering medieval abbreviations, there is an extremely useful guide (now available online) written by Adriano Cappelli called, The Elements of Abbreviation in Medieval Latin Palaeography. Lucky for us, Cappelli has mapped many of the most common forms of medieval abbreviations RBMS/BSC Latin Place Names File Latin Place Names Found in the Imprints of Books Printed Before 1801 and their Vernacular Equivalents in RDA (Resource Description and Access) Form . A note on orthography: This database was compiled from the imprint information in catag records of several Anglo-American research libraries. Because these records were created over a long period of time and. Abbreviationes identifies abbreviations used in medieval Latin manuscripts (Latin paleography). The manuscripts come from libraries throughout Europe -- from Catania in the South, Uppsala in the North, Coimbra in the West to St. Petersburg in the East. It includes large collections such as the manuscripts held by the Vatican Library or the libraries at Oxford and Paris as well as many. medieval (adj.). 1. as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened a medieval attitude toward dating 2. characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages chivalric rites the knightly years 3. relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages Medieval scholars Medieval time
Get this from a library! Abréviations latines médiévales : supplément au Dizionario di abbreviature latine ed italiane de Adriano Cappelli. [Auguste Pelzer; Adriano Cappelli Serial Guide: Classics, Ancient Near East, Medieval Latin and Byzantine Searchable databases of titles and abbreviations of journals subscribed to by the University of Chicago Libraries. All That JAS: Journal Abbreviation Source List of Latin abbreviations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . For shorthand marks in Latin inscription and manuscripts, see Scribal abbreviation. This is a list of common Latin abbreviations. Nearly all the abbreviations below have been adopted by Modern English. However, with some exceptions (for example, versus or modus operandi), most of the Latin referent words and phrases are still. Olaf Pluta: Abbreviationes™: A Database of Medieval Latin Abbreviations. In: Klaus van Eickels, Ruth Weichselbaumer und Ingrid Bennewitz (Hrsg.): Mediaevistik und Neue Medien. Thorbecke, Ostfildern, 2004, S. 183-189, ISBN 3-7995-0321-8. Die für Anfänger wichtigsten lateinischen Abkürzungen sind abgebildet be Elements of Abbreviation in Medieval Latin Paleography (English and Latin Edition) (Latin) by Adriano Cappelli (Author), David Heimann (Translator), Richard Kay (Translator) & 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. ISBN-13: 978-9998786110. ISBN-10: 9998786118. Why is ISBN important? ISBN. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. The 13.
. The common abbreviations for the word include: · OFC · Ofc · Off · OFF · OFFR. These abbreviations often appear as titles, so they must appear before the name of the person. The Department of Defense (DoD) refers to all officers with the title before their names. The History of the Word. The word officer originated with the Latin word officium, entering the. Some of the major astronomical texts to appear in illuminated copies include: Cicero's Aratea, written in the first century B.C., a Latin translation of a third-century B.C. Greek verse text by Aratus, in turn based on a prose treatise, the Phoenomena, written by Eudoxus of Cnidos a century earlier; Ptolemy's Almagest (c. 142 A.D.); and later medieval compositions, such as John Foxton's Liber. Dictionnaire des abréviations françaises. Cette liste intègre et étend celle qui figure dans Maurice Prou, Manuel de paléographie latine et française, 4 e éd. refondue avec la collab. d'Alain de Boüard, Paris, 1924, p. 455-474. N. B. La forme propre du signe abréviatif est ici simplifiée par nécessité Lexique latin médiéval — français/anglais. A Medieval Latin — French/English Dictionary. Fasc. I : ab-berewicus. Leyde, E. J. Brill, 1954. 1 vol. in-8°, xn-96 pp. Prix : 20 fl. Lexicon minus, ouvrage de « consultation rapide », le dictionnaire que voici, qui consacre 96 pages à deux colonnes aux articles ab- berewicus (berewick, dans le Du Cange-Favre, figure à la page 637 et. Nota bene (/ ˈ n oʊ t ə ˈ b ɛ n eɪ /, / ˈ n oʊ t ə ˈ b ɛ n i / or / ˈ n oʊ t ə ˈ b iː n i /; plural form notate bene) is a Latin phrase which first appeared in English writing c. 1711. Often abbreviated as NB, n.b., or with the ligature, the phrase is Latin for note well and comes from the Latin roots notāre (to note) and bene (well). It is in the singular imperative.
Definition of ML in the Abbreviations.com acronyms and abbreviations directory. Medieval Latin. Regional » Language Codes (2 Letters) Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (2.33 / 3 votes) Translation Find a translation for Medieval Latin in other languages: Select another language: - Select - 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified) 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional) Español (Spanish. Medieval latin definition, the Latin language of the literature of the Middle Ages, usually dated a.d. 700 to 1500, including many Latinized words from other languages. Abbreviation: ML, M.L. See more
. See Contact for submission addresses. Scope. The Journal of Medieval Latin looks for articles that examine the wide range of Latin culture during the Middle Ages, including articles that edit and translate new Medieval Latin texts, interpret newly found or re-interpret well-established texts, trace the influences on Medieval Latin texts or trace their influences on. It's true that no country speaks Latin anymore, but thousands of English words have Latin roots, prefixes and suffixes. More than that, Latin words, expressions, and abbreviations are part of everyday English, particularly in the areas of law and business. Below I've listed 77 examples of Latin terms every English speaker should become familiar with Arabic-Latin translators of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, albeit not by the majority of them. There are different kinds of abbreviation techniques, and the translators had different motives for shortening an Arabic source while translating. This article compares the techniques and motives of five abbreviating translators, who worked in different periods and regions and thus belong to.
Brepolis Information. Brepolis is the home of all online projects of Brepols Publishers and its partners, aimed at the international community of humanities scholars.. Brepolis est le site des projets en ligne de Brepols Publishers et de ses partenaires, destiné à la communauté internationale de la recherche et des études en sciences humaines.. Die Website für die Onlineprojekte von. Anglais: ·Tout revenu ou bénéfice venant en plus du salaire : prime, avantage en nature, assurance maladie The perquisites of this job include health insurance and a performance bonus.· Gratification, pourboire. After the wonderful service that evening he didn't hesitate in laying a substantial perquisite on the table.· Privilège ou bien. http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/28419707 Abréviations latines médiévales Supplément au Dizionario di abbreviature latine ed italiane de Adriano Cappell Get this from a library! The abbreviation of The introduction to astrology : together with the medieval Latin translation of Adelard of Bath. [Abū Maʻshar; Charles Burnett; Keiji Yamamoto; Michio Yano] -- Abu Ma'sar (787-886, known as Albumasar in Western Europe) was the best known astrologer of the Middle Ages in both the Islamic world and the Christian West
Abbreviations or Slang with similar meaning. DMLBS - Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources; DMLCS - Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources; M2TWH - Medieval 2: Total War Heaven; MERSP - Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies Programme; MEMAG - Medieval European Martial Arts Guild; MEMDB - Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank; MEMSO - Medieval and Early Modern Sources Onlin Latin numbers, words and phrases used for dates. All the numbers given below are in the form in which they would appear in documents from the medieval period onwards After looking at the so-called code for a while, Gibbs realized he was seeing a common form of medieval Latin abbreviations, often used in medical treatises about herbs. From the herbarium. English medieval manuscripts contain a great variety of abbreviations which were transferred from Latin and applied to the vernacular. As a result, their reasonably standard Latin system lost. L'Année Philologique Abbreviations Key with UCB Periodical Location in OskiCat. A list of abbreviations and corresponding journal titles used in and created by L'Année Philologique. Access L'Année Philologique -- UC only . A -
Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus: Lexique Latin Medieval - Francais/Anglais/a Medieval Latin-French/English Dictionary : Abbreviationes Et Index Fon [Niermeyer, J. F.] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus: Lexique Latin Medieval - Francais/Anglais/a Medieval Latin-French/English Dictionary : Abbreviationes Et Index Fo Abbreviationes online [electronic resource] : medieval abbreviations on the Web. Other Title: Abbreviationes Medieval abbreviations on the Web Publication: Bochum [Germany] : Dr. Olaf Pluta, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Institut für Philosophie Format/Description: Website/Database Database & Article Index 1 online resource Updated annually Began in 1993. Subjects: Abbreviations, Latin. Where language abbreviations are separated with a comma (i.e., E,L,F), this means that the work is available in the original language (English, in this case) as well as in translation (Latin and French). Where language abbreviations are separated with a hyphen (i.e., E-L) this means that multiple language
In Medieval Italian, the word was onza, which is where the Z in the abbreviation comes from. A.M. and P.M. Here's another prime example of American abbreviations that are Latin in origin Medieval Author Map; Medieval Abbreviations; Paleography Terms; Scholastic Vocabulary . Table of Contents; What can Bartholomew do for you? Latin Club: Latin with Bart ; Bartholomew Who? How is medieval Latin different? Lesson Ratings System; User's Guide; Site Map; What is scholasticism? Why we included some authors and not others ; Introduction to Human Science; The Academic World; John Duns.